New formulation of the indicators for International Safe Communities
The proposed new indicators with short comments are:
INDICATOR 1: Governance - Sustainable injury prevention and safety promotion program lead by a ‘cross-sector’ group integrated within the governing system of the community.
The word "Governance" emphasize that the indicators cover the characteristics of an International Safe Community. By "Integrated in the governing system" follows that the Mayor (or a person with similar executive power) and the Executive board are responsible for the Safe Community program. It also follows that the objectives and strategies in the community are used as a tool for governing the program, using the traditional means such as objectives, economic measurements and local regulations.
By "integrated into the governing system in the community" means that the International Safe Community program is not a particular project with an agreement with the local government run by another organization or a consulting project. International Safe Community program should be incorporated in the Communities regular programs and planning.
"Lead by a cross-sector group", means that the program has established and developed partnerships with all civil society actors, particularly non-governmental organizations and community-based organizations, and with the private sector and other interested stakeholders. This includes organisations representing the socially and economically weaker groups in the society and also other ethnical groups. The cross-sector group usually is chaired by the mayor or a person with a similar position.
INDICATOR 2: Surveillance – Collection, analysis and dissemination of data about injuries and causes of injuries for problem identification, risk assessment and planning of prevention measures
Comments: It is important that the local Safe Community Program is based on the local surveillance and that information from the local surveillance is available for all actors. It is important is to have input information from the hospitals, data from the household survey, traffic injury data, fire data, hidden safety danger data, social security data, violence and suicide data, campus injury monitoring data.
Surveillance not only results in risk assessment but also in problem identification, planning and reviews of prevention measures. Surveillance is often mentioned as "the locomotive" for the local program. Local data always engage at the local level!
INDICATOR 3: Comprehensive – Projects covering all genders, ages, environments and situations based on best practices in injury prevention and safety promotion
Comments: The local projects must be of high quality. The community as an International Safe Community is also often a trendsetter. The WHO has a lot of excellent and relevant information. Everybody can also get information to work with so-called hidden injuries. International Safe Community Support Centres also has a lot of information about Good examples from the designated Safe Communities (www.isccc.global).
INDICATOR 4: Vulnerable Groups - Projects targeting vulnerable groups, high-risk groups and high-risk environments
Comments: High-risk groups and high-risk environments often cause problems. Injuries caused by family violence are much more common than known in many societies. Bullying in schools is also a bigger problem than known in many cultures. Unprivileged groups are also often victims of injuries. ISCCC has published a checklist for supporting the communities.
INDICATOR 5: Evaluation - Measures to assess the processes, effects and the continuous improvement of the Safe Community program and its projects
Comments: Systematic routines for evaluation are essential and it is crucial not only to measure injuries. It is also important to measure processes, outcomes and economical terms. It is also recommended to notify the changes in behaviour and attitudes of the citizens in relation to Safe Community programs.
INDICATOR 6: Networking - On-going participation in national and international Safe Community networks.
Comments: To develop a Safe Community is comprehensive work and no community can develop all aspects. Therefore, it is important to share experiences via international conferences via the International Safe Communities Certifying centre website. Seeking advice or visiting other communities or support centres in other countries are also options.